Continuing Medical Education

‘Reds flags’ in antenatal care: Fetal movements and fetal growth

G S Gebhardt


Poor fetal growth in late pregnancy is a very common cause of stillbirth or fetal distress during labour. It is associated with reduced fetal movements, which can be detected by the mother antenatally. A simple management protocol is suggested that can be implemented at any hospital that has access to basic ultrasound scanning and electronic fetal heart rate monitoring.

Author's affiliations

G S Gebhardt, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Stellenbosch University and Tygerberg Academic Hospital, Cape Town, South Africa

Full Text

PDF (91KB)


Fetal movements; Stillbirth; Fetal growth

Cite this article

South African Medical Journal 2018;108(12):1021-1023. DOI:10.7196/SAMJ.2018.v108i12.13444

Article History

Date submitted: 2018-11-26
Date published: 2018-11-26

Article Views

Abstract views: 1896
Full text views: 987

Comments on this article

*Read our policy for posting comments here