Gender and sexual diversity - changing paradigms in an ever-changing world

Michael Sean Pepper


Enshrined in the Bill of Rights of South Africa’s Constitution[1] are a number of rights that affirm the democratic values of human dignity, equality and freedom. Section 9(3) states that ‘The state may not unfairly discriminate directly or indirectly against anyone on one or more grounds, including race, gender, sex, pregnancy, marital status, ethnic or social origin, colour, sexual orientation, age, disability, religion, conscience, belief, culture, language and birth.’ Despite these rights, which are also embodied in policy and law at the highest levels internationally, lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and intersex people are subjected to discrimination, abuse, violence and even death because they do not fit into the expectations of what certain sectors of society consider to be the ‘norm’. 

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Michael Sean Pepper, Institute for Cellular and Molecular Medicine, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Pretoria, South Africa

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Gender; Sexual diversity

Cite this article

South African Medical Journal 2015;105(9):746-747. DOI:10.7196/SAMJnew.8169

Article History

Date submitted: 2015-06-15
Date published: 2015-09-14

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