Continuing Medical Education

Screening for peripheral arterial disease

B Natha

Abstract


Atherosclerosis is the leading cause of coronary, cerebrovascular and peripheral arterial disease (PAD) worldwide. Sedentary lifestyle, stress and high-fat/carbohydrate diets have contributed significantly to the rising prevalence of atherosclerosis in most populations. Preventive strategies are currently aimed at curbing the socio-economic burden of atherosclerotic disease and its consequences in healthcare systems. While myocardial infarction and cerebrovascular accidents are the two leading causes of mortality and long-term morbidity, atherosclerotic PAD remains an accurate marker of more generalised disease. Screening programmes for at-risk individuals with undiagnosed PAD should therefore be beneficial in preventing future cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events. This article reviews the evidence and benefits of selective screening for PAD.


Author's affiliations

B Natha, Division of Vascular Surgery, Department of Surgery, Groote Schuur Hospital, Cape Town, South Africa

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Keywords

Peripheral arterial disease; vascular disease; continuing medical education

Cite this article

South African Medical Journal 2014;104(2):148. DOI:10.7196/SAMJ.7919

Article History

Date submitted: 2014-01-06
Date published: 2014-01-12

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