Progress towards the Millennium Development Goals

Effectiveness of pneumococcal conjugate vaccine and rotavirus vaccine introduction into the South African public immunisation programme

S A Madhi, L Bamford, N Ngcobo

Abstract


Immunisation has contributed greatly to the control of vaccine-preventable diseases and therefore to improvements in health and survival, especially among young children, and remains one of the most successful and cost-effective public health interventions. This remains true for many of the newer, more expensive vaccines. Vaccines against invasive pneumococcal disease and rotavirus infection were introduced into the South African Expanded Programme on Immunization in April 2009. This article describes the rationale for and process of the introduction of these two vaccines, pneumococcal conjugate vaccine and rotavirus vaccine. It also aims to evaluate the success of and challenges related to their introduction, in terms of both achieving universal coverage and improving survival and health in South African children. 


Authors' affiliations

S A Madhi, National Institute for Communicable Diseases, National Health Laboratory Service, Sandringham, Johannesburg, South Africa; Medical Research Council Respiratory and Meningeal Pathogens Research Unit, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa; Department of Science and Technology/National Research Foundation: Vaccine Preventable Diseases, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa

L Bamford, Child and Youth Health Directorate, National Department of Health, Pretoria, South Africa

N Ngcobo, Child and Youth Health Directorate, National Department of Health, Pretoria, South Africa

Full Text

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Keywords

Millenium Development Goals; vaccination; pneumococcal conjugate vaccine; rotavirus vaccine; public immunisation programme

Cite this article

South African Medical Journal 2014;104(3):228-234. DOI:10.7196/SAMJ.7597

Article History

Date submitted: 2013-10-08
Date published: 2014-01-20

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