Prevention of infective endocarditis in developing countries - justifiable caution?
The internationally accepted practice of prescribing prophylactic antibiotics to individuals at risk of infective endocarditis has come under scrutiny. There are no published high-quality randomised controlled trials of the intervention, but new insights have emerged. Bacteraemic episodes are common following simple activities such as brushing teeth. Endocarditis following procedures is extremely rare, and systematic reviews of the evidence for prophylactic antibiotics have failed to demonstrate efficacy.
Andy Parrish, Department of Internal Medicine, Walter Sisulu University and East London Hospital Complex
Breminand Maharaj, Department of Therapeutics and Medicines Management, Nelson R Mandela School of Medicine, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban
Prophylaxis; Infective endocarditis; decision making; cost-benefit
Cite this article
South African Medical Journal 2012;102(8):652-654.
Date submitted: 2012-01-30
Date published: 2012-06-28
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