Original articles

Acute haemorrhagic conjunctivitis epidemics and outbreaks of Paederus spp. keratoconjunctivitis (‘Nairobi red eyes’) and dermatitis

L Mbonile


An epidemic of acute conjunctivitis in Dar es Salaam in 2010 demonstrated the importance of a strong infectious diseases epidemiological surveillance network to minimise disease outbreaks. Misunderstanding of the causes and management of diseases explains the repetitive nature of acute haemorrhagic conjunctivitis (AHC) in Dar es Salaam. This paper discusses AHC and Paederus spp. keratoconjunctivitis and periorbital oedema (‘Nairobi red eyes’) that are confused as being associated with recurrent epidemics of conjunctivitis in Dar es Salaam.

Author's affiliations

L Mbonile, University of Western Cape

Full Text



Conjunctivitis, epidemics, Enteroviruses 70(EV-70), Coxsackievirus A24, adenoviruses, Neisseria gonorrhoea, Rove beetle “Nairobi fly”

Cite this article

South African Medical Journal 2011;101(8):541-543.

Article History

Date submitted: 2010-07-21
Date published: 2011-07-25

Article Views

Abstract views: 2734
Full text views: 6800

Comments on this article

*Read our policy for posting comments here