Original articles

Paper withdrawn: Neurocysticercosis in patients presenting with epilepsy at St Elizabeth's Hospital, Lusikisiki

Gilberto Serrano Ocana, Juan Carlos Ortiz Sablon, Ilene Ochoa Tamayo, Leonardo Almaguer Arena, Luz Maria Serrano Ocana

Abstract


Objective. To survey the prevalence of neurocysticercosis in patients treated for epilepsy in Lusikisiki.

Design. This was a descriptive study. Variables considered were: age, gender, symptoms and type of seizure, serology data, electroencephalogram, computed tomography (CAT) observations, treatment and ownership of pigs. Prevalence and risk assessment were determined by statistical analysis.

Setting. 113 patients presenting with epilepsy at St Elizabeth’s Hospital, Lusikisiki, Mthatha.

Outcome measures. Prevalence of neurocysticercosis in patients presenting with epilepsy.

Results. Prevalence of neurocysticercosis associated epilepsy was 61% and highest in the 10 to 19 years age group (15.2%). Neuro-imaging studies indicated that calcified lesions were frequently found while active lesions were often associated with positive serological results. Non-commercial pig farming was not a significant risk factor for neurocysticercosis in the sample group studied.

Conclusion. Neurocysticercosis was prevalent in patients presenting with and undergoing treatment for epilepsy.

Authors' affiliations

Gilberto Serrano Ocana, Doctor, Dora Nginza Hospital

Juan Carlos Ortiz Sablon, doctor

Ilene Ochoa Tamayo, doctor

Leonardo Almaguer Arena, doctor

Luz Maria Serrano Ocana, doctor

Keywords

Neurocysticercosis; Epidemiology

Cite this article

South African Medical Journal 2009;99(8):588.

Article History

Date submitted: 2009-03-13
Date published: 2009-08-06

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