Anaemia among patients with congestive cardiac failure in Uganda - its impact on treatment outcomes
Methods. Echocardiography was done and haemoglobin levels were determined in 157 patients with CCF admitted to Mulago Hospital. The patients were followed up for 2 weeks and their treatment outcome was recorded.
Results. Of the 157 patients, 101 (64.3%) had anaemia (mean haemoglobin concentration ≤11.9 g/dl for women and ≤12.9 g/dl for men) at admission. Increasing age and hypertensive heart disease were significantly associated with anaemia (odds ratio (OR) 2.92, confidence interval (CI) 1.41 - 6.05, p<0.01 and OR 0.31, CI 0.13 - 0.74, p<0.01, respectively). In-hospital mortality at the end of the 2 weeks of treatment was 10.2% and was significantly higher among the anaemic patients than their non-anaemic counterparts (OR 4.9, CI 1.07 - 22.35, p<0.03). The mean duration of in-hospital stay was 7.5 (significant deviation 3.4) days. This did not differ significantly between anaemic and non-anaemic patients.
Conclusion. The prevalence of anaemia among patients with CCF attending Mulago Hospital was high. Anaemia in these patients was significantly associated with mortality by the end of 2 weeks of treatment.
Julius Kabbali Kuule, Faculty of Medicine, Gulu University
Emmanuel Seremba, Mulago Hospital
Juergen Freers, Makerere University, College of Health sciences
Full TextPDF (276KB)
Cite this article
Date published: 2009-12-07
Full text views: 739