Continuing Medical Education

Cardiovascular medicine in primary healthcare in sub-Saharan Africa: Minimum standards for practice (part 2)

Gboyega Ogunbanjo, Ntobeko A B Ntusi


In the past decades sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) has
witnessed urbanisation at unparalleled rates of
increase, together with changing lifestyles. The
consequence of this epidemiological transition has
been a dramatic increase in the incidence of noncommunicable
diseases (NCDs), in particular cardiovascular disease
(CVD). At the same time social disintegration and inequality,
compounded by the dwindling economy in many countries in SSA,
have seriously hindered a cohesive response to NCDs. Moreover,
infections remain rife and many societies in SSA have to contend
with the twin epidemics of both communicable diseases and NCDs.

Authors' affiliations

Gboyega Ogunbanjo, Department of Family Medicine and Primary Health Care, Sefako Makgatho Health Sciences University, Pretoria, South Africa

Ntobeko A B Ntusi, Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Cape Town and Groote Schuur Hospital, Cape Town, South Africa

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Primary healthcare; Minimum standards; Cardiovascular medicine

Cite this article

South African Medical Journal 2016;106(2):143-144. DOI:10.7196/SAMJ.2016.v106i2.10454

Article History

Date submitted: 2015-12-09
Date published: 2015-12-09

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